Updated: Aug 1, 2018
How does science and spirituality combine to inform the centuries old nature versus nurture debate? What are the typical implications for the role of Mother in society given these black and white parameter's? Does a fresh look at science reveal the mysterious gray area that so often represents the beauty of life?
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest philosophical issues within psychology. So what exactly is it all about?
Nature refers to all of the genes and hereditary factors that influence who we are—from our physical appearance to our personality characteristics.
Nurture refers to all the environmental variables that impact who we are, including our early childhood experiences, how we were raised, our social relationships, and our surrounding culture.
Discussions of mother’s and the role they play in our society often boil down to questions like: What do the different types of mother-child relationships look like? How can we characterize them, and what types of parenting behaviors produce different kinds of children?The corresponding broiler plate response to such inquiries refer to the three main types of attachment styles: Secure, Avoidant, and Anxious.
In the past, various branches of psychology often take a one versus the other approach. For example, biological psychology tends to stress the importance of genetics and biological influences. Behavioral psychology, on the other hand, focuses on the impact that the environment has on behavior. Today, most experts recognize that both factors play a critical role. Not only that, they also realize that nature and nurture interact in important ways all throughout life.
People are beginning to realize that asking how much heredity or environment influence a particular trait is not the right approach. The reality is that there is not a simple way to disentangle the multitude of forces that exist. These influences include genetic factors that interact with one another, environmental factors that interact such as social experiences and overall culture, as well as how both hereditary and environmental influences intermingle. Instead, many researchers today are interested in seeing how genes modulate environmental influences and vice versa.
As a spiritually inclined person I will go on record to say that trying to untangle this web is synonymous with trying to untangle the web of life itself. The only thing important to garner from this centuries long conversation is that Mother’s matter in an unquantifiable way to everyone alive –past, present, and future. Here’s why:
Male Lineage Among the many things parents hand down to their children are 23 pairs of chromosomes – those thread-like structures in the nucleus of every cell containing the genetic instructions for every person. We inherit a set of 23 chromosomes from our mothers and another set of 23 from our fathers.
One of those pairs are the chromosomes that determine the biological sex of a child – girls have an XX pair and boys have an XY pair, with very rare exceptions in certain disorders. Females always pass an X chromosome onto their offspring. If the father passes on an X chromosome, the baby will be genetically female, and if the father passes on a Y chromosome, the baby will be genetically male. During that process of sexual reproduction, those two inherited chromosomes will “recombine” their genes, In this way, chromosomes exchange genetic information with each other. Thus, the son or daughter has combinations of traits that aren’t necessarily identical to either parent..
Though a short segment of the X and Y chromosomes are identical, gene sequencing has determined that more than 95 percent of the Y chromosome is unique to males – known as the male-specific region of the Y, or MSY. In fact, this region is so different from the X chromosome that the often-cited fact that humans are 99.9 percent genetically identical only applies when comparing people of the same sex. The fact that Men are from Mars women are from Venus rings true even from a biological standpoint.
Since only men have the Y chromosome, the genes on the MSY are thought to be involved in the determination of sex and development specific to males, including male fertility. This part of the Y chromosome does